Facial aging is a natural part of growing older. As a person ages, changes take place on many different levels that affect the appearance of the skin and, subsequently, the face. Often, the most visible sign that someone is aging, as well as how old they might be, is visible in the lines and wrinkles on their face. Here are some of the most common signs of facial aging according to Dr. Balle, a board certified dermatologists in Grosse Pointe who also services patients in Bloomfield Hills, Birmingham and Troy.

Changes in the Skin Due to Aging

During the 30’s

The outer skin layer, the epidermis, thins as aging takes place. Around the time a woman reaches her 30’s, estrogen levels start dropping, which means collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid levels in the skin also begin dropping. Collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid are the things that help skin maintain its tightness, elasticity, and moisture. Cell turnover slows down, which may make skin look duller in appearance. Fine expression lines may start to appear on the forehead or around the eyes.

Meanwhile, melanocytes (skin cells that contain pigment) decrease in number, while the ones remaining get larger. This, along with any accumulated sun exposure, leads to development of liver spots, age spots, or similar skin discolorations.

During the 40’s

In a woman’s 40’s, estrogen production slows down even further. Along with continuing decreased elasticity and firmness, which results in more lines and wrinkles, bone loss associated with lessened estrogen can make the face start to look sunken around the eyes.

During the 50’s (and Beyond)

For most women, their 50’s mean menopause, and menopause means that estrogen halts completely. Women can lose a third of their skin’s collagen by the 5 year mark after menopause begins. This means that skin droops, eyelids sag, and existing lines deepen.

Preventative Measures

To prolong of the signs of aging that appear on the face, there are some options women (and men) can take to help speed up cell turnover and smooth fine lines. Retinol products are an anti-aging product option which can help increase collagen production and make skin look smoother and retain elasticity.

For a dramatic difference in facial aging, you will want to consult with an expert injector such as Dr. Balle, who will consult with you about injectable options. Injectables are used for the treatment of lines, wrinkles and folds, as well as hollowing and volume loss. These are options to help bring back a youthful appearance and glow. Contact Dr. Balle, a board certified dermatologist today to schedule your free consultation.